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Saturday, July 11, 2020 | History

4 edition of Human leptospirosis found in the catalog.

Human leptospirosis

Human leptospirosis

guidance for diagnosis, surveillance and control

  • 9 Want to read
  • 24 Currently reading

Published by World Health Organization in [Geneva] .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Leptospirosis -- diagnosis.,
  • Leptospirosis -- prevention & control.,
  • Leptospira.,
  • Leptospirosis -- Diagnosis.,
  • Leptospirosis -- Prevention.

  • Edition Notes

    StatementWorld Health Organization, International Leptospirosis Society.
    ContributionsTerpstra, W. J., World Health Organization., International Leptospirosis Society.
    The Physical Object
    Paginationv, 109 p. :
    Number of Pages109
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL17722331M
    ISBN 109241545895

      Outbreak of Leptospirosis among Triathlon Participants and Community Residents in Springfield, Illinois, Clinical Infectious Diseases, 34(12), pp Journal. Leptospirosis can affect humans, dogs, and many other animals. It is caused by several strains, or “serovars,” of bacteria of the Leptospira genus. In the U.S. there are eight different.

    Leptospirosis is an acute febrile disease with varied manifestations. The severity of disease ranges from asymptomatic or subclinical to self-limited systemic illness (approximately 90% of patients) to life-threatening illness with jaundice, renal failure (oliguric or nonoliguric), myocarditis, hemorrhage (particularly pulmonary), and refractory shock. The prevalence of acute human leptospirosis ranged from 2 3% to 19 8% (n = 11) in hospital patients with febrile illness. Incidence estimates were .

    Human leptospirosis can be a difficult infection to describe, as the symptoms can vary dramatically between patients. Some symptoms are extremely common, but only a small number of patients will experience the severe life-threatening illness known as Weil’s disease. The severity of the infection depends on the age and general health of the. This book contains 8 chapters focusing on guidelines concerned with human leptospirosis. The following topics are discussed: microbiology and immunology; clinical features and treatment; laboratory diagnosis; animal sources of infection; typing; transmission and exposure; prevention and intervention; and diagnostic services, surveillance and outbreak management. 17 annexes .


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Human leptospirosis Download PDF EPUB FB2

Infection rarely occurs through animal bites or human-to-human contact. EPIDEMIOLOGY. Leptospirosis has worldwide distribution; incidence is higher in tropical climates. The estimated worldwide annual incidence is >1 million cases, including approximat deaths.

Leptospirosis is a bacterial disease that affects humans and animals. It is caused by bacteria of the genus Leptospira. In humans, it can cause a wide range of symptoms, some of which may be mistaken for other diseases.

Some infected persons, however, may have no symptoms at all. Without treatment, Leptospirosis can lead to kidney damage. Leptospira, Borrelia, and Spirillum cause disease characterized by clinical stages with remissions and exacerbations.

Leptospira organisms are very thin, tightly coiled, obligate aerobic spirochetes characterized by a unique flexuous type of motility. The genus is divided into two species: the pathogenic leptospires L interrogans and the free-living leptospire L : Russell C.

Johnson. Human leptospirosis seroprevalence in American Samoa was % inwith serological evidence that infection was caused by three predominant serovars (Hebdomadis, LT Author: Colleen Lau.

LEPTOSPIROSIS Fact Sheet for Clinicians Background • Leptospirosis is a disease that is caused by spirochete bacteria in the genus Leptospira. There are 10 pathogenic species, and more than pathogenic serovars. • While leptospirosis occurs worldwide, it is more common in tropical or sub-tropical climates.

This volume covers all aspects of infection by pathogenic Leptospira species, the causative agents of the world’s most widespread zoonosis.

Topics include aspects of human and animal leptospirosis as well as detailed analyses of our current knowledge of leptospiral structure and physiology, epidemiology, pathogenesis, genomics, immunity and vaccines. Endemic human leptospirosis rates varied by region from /, population in Europe to 95/, population in Africa.

2 Pathology. The first step in the pathogenesis of leptospirosis is penetration of tissue barriers to gain entrance to the body.

Potential portals of entry include the skin via a cut or abrasion and the mucous membranes. Leptospirosis, caused by pathogenic Leptospira, is a globally important zoonotic disease that affects humans in both rural and urban settings. This disease may occur in both industrialized and developing countries; in particular, leptospirosis has become an important public health concern in Asia and Latin America.

Summary: Leptospirosis is a potentially serious but treatable zoonotic disease, representing a worldwide public health hazard. Its symptoms may mimic those of a number of other unrelated infections such as influenza, meningitis, hepatitis, dengue or viral haemorrhagic fevers.

Leptospirosis was reinstated as a nationally notifiable disease in January It is estimated that leptospirosis cases are identified annually in the United States. Currently, about 50% of the cases occur in Hawaii. Data collected from leptospirosis surveillance is used to monitor trends and identify areas of risk.

Furthermore,File Size: KB. Melissa T. Hines, in Equine Infectious Diseases (Second Edition), Leptospirosis is a bacterial disease of worldwide distribution caused by spirochetes of the genus disease affects humans, domestic animals, and wildlife, including reptiles and amphibians.

The first formal report of leptospi­rosis was in human patients by Adolf Weil over years ago. Leptospirosis occurs throughout the world, but is most common in tropical areas. Travelers at highest risk are those going to areas with flooding, or who will be swimming, wading, kayaking, or rafting in contaminated fresh water like lakes and rivers.

Leptospirosis is also a potential hazard for travelers who spend time around animals, such as humanitarian aid workers, adventure. Leptospirosis-Prevention. 88 likes. Leptospirosis or “Weil’s disease”, is a misunderstood bacterial disease with more than a million severe cases each year, includ deaths.

To Followers:   Abstract. Leptospirosis is one of the most common zoonotic bacterial diseases in the world, with particularly high disease burden in Oceania. Clinical manifestations in humans range from asymptomatic infections to mild non-specific acute febrile illnesses and severe complications such as renal failure, pulmonary haemorrhage, multi-organ failure and by: 1.

This volume covers all aspects of infection by pathogenic Leptospira species, the causative agents of the world’s most widespread zoonosis.

Topics include aspects of human and animal leptospirosis as well as detailed analyses of our current knowledge of leptospiral structure and physiology, epidemiology, pathogenesis, genomics, immunity and vaccines.5/5(2). The next video is starting stop.

Loading. COVID Resources. Reliable information about the coronavirus (COVID) is available from the World Health Organization (current situation, international travel).Numerous and frequently-updated resource results are available from this ’s WebJunction has pulled together information and resources to assist library staff as they consider how to handle.

Get this from a library. Human leptospirosis: guidance for diagnosis, surveillance and control. -- Leptospirosis is a potentially serious but treatable zoonotic disease representing a worldwide public health hazard. Its symptoms may mimic those. Part of the Current Topics in Microbiology and Immunology book series (CT MICROBIOLOGY, volume ) Abstract.

Leptospirosis is a widespread and potentially fatal zoonosis that is endemic in many tropical regions and causes large epidemics after heavy rainfall and flooding. () Following the course of human leptospirosis: evidence of a Cited by:   1 Leptospirosis is not reportable by law, statute, or regulation in CT, NY (excl NYC), IA, ND, MS, TN, AR, TX, CO, or ID.

Chart 1. Reported Cases of Leptospirosis in Humans by US State () 1,2 While reports of leptospirosis in Hawaii declined from tothe state continued to experience the largest number of cases (22) infollowed by New.

Many recent papers on leptospires have focused on advanced techniques (including genetic typing) to accurately diagnose infections and identify the various leptospiral types (serovars) responsible for human and animal disease. In view of these technical advances, a concise book on leptospirosis is long overdue; this one has come at just the right by: Leptospirosis is a communicable disease at farms that results in abortion and pathological changes in animals and human respectively.

Disease is majorly spreading through indirect contact with contaminated urine material. The causative agent belongs to Leptospira genus having 21 species, 25 serogroups, and serovars.

The prevalence noted at world level is counted to Author: Amjad Islam Aqib, Muhammad Ijaz, Shahid Hussain Farooqi, Muhammad Shoaib, Muhammad Fakhar-e-Alam Kul.Leptospirosis is a bacterial disease that affects both humans and animals.

Humans become infected through direct contact with the urine of infected animals or with a urine-contaminated environment. The bacteria enter the body through cuts or abrasions on the skin, or through the mucous membranes of the mouth, nose and eyes.